One of many best issues sufferers face with regards to blood is the formation of harmful blood clots. A few of it’s a genetic drawback, the place some individuals have the next threat of forming random blood clots than others. Nonetheless, generally, it may be because of the well being care that the affected person is uncovered to.
Each time blood comes into contact with a floor aside from that of a blood vessel, comparable to when it flows by the tubing that leads it to a dialysis machine or an implanted pacemaker, there it’s a excessive threat of a clot forming.
The well being trade has tried to provide you with many options to this, together with blood thinners, which have been round for greater than a century now. They’re extremely efficient at stopping blood clots. Nonetheless, they arrive with a excessive threat of their very own: blood thinners improve your threat of extreme bleeding, particularly within the mind, and could lead on to what’s generally referred to as a bleeding stroke.
Consequently, researchers and inventors alike have tried to provide you with options to blood thinners. Listed here are three of probably the most promising.
1. IVC Filters
IVC, on this case, stands for the inferior vena cava. An IVC filter is slightly gadget formed like a cone that’s designed to stop the migration of blood clots from their factors of origin to essential organs across the physique. It’s used to guard in opposition to significantly harmful conditions like stroke and the migration of a blood clot to the lungs, the place it may probably block them. This is called pulmonary embolism.
IVC filters are fairly in style, with greater than 1 / 4 of one million individuals having been fitted with these units of their inferior vena cava. There are two forms of vena cava. The inferior one carries blood from the decrease limbs to the lungs, the place it’s oxygenated, after which to the guts, from the place it is going to be redistributed to the remainder of the physique.
The superior vena cava does the identical factor, solely it carries blood from the higher physique. The phrases “inferior” and “superior” on this context are merely used to imply “decrease” and “higher.”
These units are surgically put into the vein and grow to be most necessary after main surgical procedure or a critical accident. You possibly can learn extra about it within the article “IVC Filter Problems and Signs – A MedTruth Information.”
Scientists on the Wyss Institute for Biologically Impressed Engineering at Harvard College are busy exploring one other avenue to fixing the issue. They’re getting their inspiration from the nepenthe. This plant has a pitcher with a slippery floor. When an unlucky insect lands on the floor, it slides all the way down to the underside of the pitcher the place it’s digested.
The scientists at Harvard needed to search out out if they might replicate this with synthetic supplies referred to as perfluorocarbons. They examined the fabric perfluorodecalin on pigs, and it was extremely profitable, displaying no blood clots forming throughout an eight-hour interval. There are nonetheless extra research to be carried out, however this materials exhibits nice promise.
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3. Excessive-tech Mind Surgical procedure
In one other promising research at Johns Hopkins College Faculty of Medication, researchers had been searching for a solution to take away blood clots within the mind with out damaging mind tissue by extremely invasive surgical procedure.
They found a brand new approach that includes slicing a dime-sized gap within the affected person’s cranium near the clot space after which guiding themselves by the mind utilizing CT scans. The strategy proved minimally invasive and with out the uncomfortable side effects of normal craniotomy. Extra analysis is being executed, however that is additionally proving promising.